By Oyewale Oyelola
The education sector has being one of the sectors getting the largest vote of Kano annual budget in the last five years owing to commitment of Governor Abdullahi Ganduje to development critical sector with view of improving literacy, reduce number of out-of-school children and building good future for the state.
The Education sector amount to N18billion representing 8.5% of the state total budget of N210, 761, 327, 885 in the 2015 fiscal year, in 2016 Education got second highest share of N275billion with N23.6billion (8.6%), for 2017 Education allocation stands at N17.5billion out of N209billion budget representing 8.3% while the sector received N21billion out N246billion total budget for 2018 and N18billion representing 9.1% approved budget for 2019 fiscal year.
However, the huge budget allocation for the ministry in the five years did not commensurate with the level of capital projects executed within the periods according to the Sector Performance Report and Financial Statements Reports from the Office of the State Accountant General.
According to the summary of the findings made available to our correspondent “the data of the actual expenditure when compared with the budget of the sector was 62.49% indicating a variance 37.51% in 2015, 53.31% indicating a variance of 46.69% in 2016, 77.81% indicating a variance of 22.19% in 2017 and 77.81% indicating a variance of 22.19% in 2018. In the period under review, the actual expenditure as shown by the variances, funds provided for the execution of the projects and programmes of the sector fell short of the budgetary allocations.”
According to the report, in 2015, the performance of the capital expenditure when compared with the budget was 39.37% in 2015, it drastically dropped to 17.78% in 2016, it rose to 25.36% in 2017, significantly improved to 47.88% in 2018 and details of 2019 budget performance is not available. The recurrent expenditures however maintained an average of over 90% within the years.
Also, the budget allocation to the State Basic Universal Education SUBEB in Kano, according to the Performance Report, shows that out of N2,523,909,945 allocated for the SUBEB’s capital projects in 2015, only N170,015,090.02 representing 6.7% was released. In the following year (2016), appropriation for SUBEB’s capital projects gulped N3,986,514,215,00, but only N755,876,636,55 representing 19% was released.
However, 2017 was a peak year for the SUBEB capital project as N3,951,514,215.00 was appropriated and N2,008,119,074 representing 50.8% was eventually released, while the capital expenditure dropped to 35.4% in 2018 with N2,909,509,000 budgeted and only N1,028,982,000 released.
Several attempts to speak with the Chairman of SUBEB in Kano, Dr Danlami Hayyo over the development were not successful due to official schedules.
Infrastructural Decadence In Kano School
Recent investigations by our correspondent revealed that the infrastructural decadence makes pupils to learn inside dilapidated classrooms and under trees show the huge difference between budget allocation and actual release.
Apart from the infrastructural deficit in the State Public Schools amounting to over 30, 000 classrooms according to a recent survey by the State Government, the existing structures mostly in rural area are in a comatose condition.
Yaura Zango Primary School in Albasu Local Government Area of Kano State shares from this ugly trend. After two years that the School built in 1976 had its roofs blown off by windstorms, the teachers resulted to converting four of the planted Neem trees at the School to classrooms by classifying them accordingly from Primary One to Four.
However, the remaining Primary Five and Six were merged inside vestige of the obviously dilapidated classroom which also suffered the windstorms in 2017.
The Headmaster of the School, Yusuf Abdullahi told our correspondent that he had written several letters to the Local Education Authority LEA and the Albasu Local Government Secretariat for onward action but to no avail.
“As you can see, this tree that we write primary one on it is accommodating Pupils of Nursery and Primary One Class, see the trees for Primary Two, Three and Four being used as Classrooms for our respective pupils in that regard, this is how we have been managing it since 2017 after the windstorms blew off the two buildings here, we have written several letters to LEA and LGA, yet no action. Whenever the weather is cloudy, we used to send the pupils home and if the weather eventually cleared without rain, we have missed that particular day already” He explained.
During our visit, the Headmaster was the only teacher present at the School, covering the entire six classes without satisfying any of them.
He claimed that one out of the remaining five teachers on duty took an excuse while he could not account for whereabout of the remaining four teachers.
The incident of windstorms damaging public schools is no longer news in Kano especially at the remote areas. While many of such incidents were left unattended to in some areas including Sumaila, Danfodio Islamiyya Primary School in Albasu, and Ganda in Dambatta visited by our correspondent, among others, a few of them got succour though the interventions of some development partners and donor agencies such as Global Partnership for Education GPE and the Department For International Development DFID, according to our findings.
A parent in Gezawa, Musa Abdullahi narrated to our correspondent how they rallied round to savage the problem of infrastructure decadence of Lautai Primary School after several futile attempts to get the attention of the State Government.
“Most of the repairs are being done by the Global Partnership for Education GPE project and some other NGOs, government hardly come to our rescue, after our several appeals, we as a community decided to mobilize ourselves and repaired this building you are seeing, we have a number of them in other places that have been abandoned” – he lamented.
The challenges of infrastructural decadence is even a bit friendly when compared to non existence of public school in some communities where pupils have to cover at least ten kilometers before accessing the nearest Public Schools. For instance, Shara Community in Sumaila Local Government Area of Kano has been existing for over a century without producing a primary School graduate due to distance of the nearest schools to the community.
Mallam Rabilu Musa, a parent at Shara community lamented how his children and that of his neigbours are usually stay at home throughout rainy season due to the huddle and risk of crossing a river in the course of trekking about seven kilometers to the nearest Matigwai community where a primary school is situated.
Additional 30, 000 Classrooms Will Address The Infrastructural Gap
A reliable source at the State Government House who was privy to a recent report conducted by the need assessment committee in each of the 44 Local Government Areas of Kano, hinted our Correspondent that the State needs additional 30,000 classrooms to get every child enroll in School, describing the situation as a huge burden for the State Government.
His words “we have over 6,000 Primary Schools, the State needs about additional 30, 000 Schools, you can imagine if common one million naira is budgeted for a classroom, it means about 30 billion naira is needed for the project, let alone payment of compensations for land owners, recruitment of teachers, their allowances, emoluments, which naturally is higher than the cost of executing the project because they are recurrent expenditures”.
State Government Promises To Increase Release for Education sector
Reacting, the Commissioner for Education in the State, Muhammed Sanusi Kiru, admitted that the huge amount budgeted for the sector in the last four years did not commensurate with the reality of dilapidated structures in Kano Public Schools. He attributed the situation to lack of consistency in the leadership of the ministry since 2015.
“let me be honest with you, from 2015 to 2019, the story is not impressive because it was the Deputy Governor who was also acting as the Commissioner of Education, he wasn’t even staying here, he was operating from the Deputy Governor’s Office, he may not even know the nitty gritty of operations here and even the staff may not be too proactive because they were not staying with the Commissioner and after that, an acting Commissioner was appointed to oversee the ministry, he also operated from the ministry of works, then another commissioner was appointed again who spent only six months, so you can see, in the last four years, there was no stability here in the leadership” He noted.
Kiru however promised to merge his words with action towards ensuring that every kobo spends on projects of the sector is accounted for. He also vowed to push for more release of the capital expenditures for the ministry so as to complement the State Government’s recent declaration of free and compulsory education across the State.
This research/investigation/story was supported by the US embassy via the ATUPA fellowship by Civic Hive.